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4. Ujian Nasional 2014

Read the following text to answer question 4 & 5.

Two new species of dinosaurs, one a quick-moving meat-eater and the other a giant-planteater, have been discoered in Antartica. The 70 million-year-old fossil of the carnivore would have rested for milleniums at the bottom of the Antartic Sea, while the remains of the 30-meterlong plant-eather were found on the top of a mountain.

The little carnivore-about 1.8 meters tall-was found on James Ross Island, off the coast of the Antartic Peninsula.

Not yet named, the animal probably floated out to the sea after it died and settled to the bottom of what was then a shallow area of the Weddell Sea. Its bones and teeth suggest it way represent a population of two-legged carnivores that survived in the Antartic long after other predators took over elswhere on the globe. “For whatever reason, they were still hanging out on the Antartic continent,” Case said in a statement.

A second team led by William Hammer of Augustana College in Rock Island, Illionis, found the 200 million-year-old plant-eater’s fossils on a mountaintop 13,000 feet (3,900 meters) high near the Beardmore Glacier. Now known as Mt.Kirk Patrick, the area was once a soft riverbed.

 

The article informs us abot …

A. Two species of dinosaurs
B. The newest discovery in Antartica
C. The two kinds of new dinosaurs
D. The discovery of two species of dinosaurs in Antartica
E. A team of researchers was funded by the National Scienca Foundation

 

Jawaban : D

Pembahasan

Cara Biasa :

Inti bacaan ini tertera pada paragraf pertama, yaitu Two new species of dinosaurs, one a quick-moving meat-eater and the other a giant-planteater, have been discovered in Antartica. The 70 million-years-old fossil of the carnivore would have rested for milleniums at the bottom of the Antartic Sea, while the remains of the 30-meterlong plant-eater were found on the top of a mountain. Berdasarkan kalimat utama di kalimat pertama, maka jawaban yang benar adalah D.

Cara Praktis :

Jika menemukan soal dalam bentuk bacaan langsung ke pertanyaan, pertanyaan adalah the article informs us about, semakna dengan what’s the text about. Berarti langsung lihat kalimat pertama dan pilih ABCDE yang 80% mirip dengannya. Sehingga jawaban yang tepat adalah D

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